Education in Bangladesh

The education system is divided into 4 levels– Primary (from grades 1 to 5), Secondary (from grades 6 to 10), Higher Secondary (from  grades 11 to 12) and tertiary. Alongside national educating system, English medium education is also provided by some private  enterprises. They offer ‘A’ level and ‘O’ level courses. There is also Madrasa system which emphasizes on Arabic medium Islam-based education. This system is supervised by the lone Madrasa Board of the country.   

In 1998 there were about 52,000 primary schools 11000 secondary institutions. The five years of lower secondary education concludes with a Secondary School Certificate (SSC) examination. Students who pass this examination proceed to two years of Higher Secondary or intermediate training, which culminate in a Higher Secondary School (HSC) examination. Five education boards lead by the Ministry of Education deal with education up to HSC level. 

Primary and secondary level management[edit]

The primary level of education is managed by the Directorate of Primary Education (DPE) while the secondary level of education is controlled by the eight General Education boards:

The boards’ headquarters are located in Barishal, Comilla Chittagong, Dhaka, Dinajpur Jessore, Rajshahi and Sylhet . In addition, the Madrasah Education Board covers religious education in government-registered Madrasahs, and the Technical Education Board controls technical and vocational training in the secondary level.

Eight region-based Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) are responsible for conducting the four public examinations:

At the school level, in the case of non-government secondary schools, School Management Committees (SMC), and at the intermediate college level, in the case of non-government colleges, Governing Bodies (GB), formed as per government directives, are responsible for mobilising resources, approving budgets, controlling expenditures, and appointing and disciplining staff. While teachers of non-government secondary schools are recruited by concerned SMCs observing relevant government rules, teachers of government secondary schools are recruited centrally by the DSHE through a competitive examination.

In government secondary schools, there is not an SMC. The headmaster is solely responsible for running the school and is supervised by the deputy director of the respective zone. Parent Teachers Associations (PTAs), however, exist to ensure a better teaching and learning environment.

Public universities[edit]

Bangladesh has 35 public universities instructing the bulk of higher studies students. They that are funded by the government and managed as self-governed government institutions.

Private universities[edit]

Private universities in Bangladesh came into being after institution of the Private University Act of 1992.[4] As of 2008, over 55 of them had started. These universities follow an open credit system.


  1. Jump up^
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c Khan, Md. Mofazzal Hossain (2007-05-26). “Student politics can’t be allowed to continue in its present form”. FE Education. Financial Express. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b “12 universities run with unauthorized staffs” (in Bangla). Prothom Alo. 2007-07-18. p. 1.
  4. Jump up^ “The Private University Act, 1992”. Südasien-Institut. Heidelberg University.
  5. Jump up^ Khan, Siddiqur Rahman (2005-01-18). “11 pvt univs offer 50 courses without UGC approval”. New Age. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
  6. Jump up^ Varsity Correspondent (2004-08-16). “27 private varsities running without Vice-Chancellors”. The Bangladesh Observer. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
  7. Jump up^ Staff Reporter (2004-10-23). “UCG report on private varsities to be made public”. The Independent. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
  8. Jump up^ Ali, Tawfique (2004-10-19). “40-45 varsities way behind prerequisites”. The Daily Star. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  9. Jump up^ Khan, Siddiqur Rahman (2005-03-01). “Ministry serves notice on six private universities”. New Age. Retrieved 2007-03-17.
  10. Jump up^ Staff Correspondent (2004-06-02). “Private universities continue to hoodwink UGC”. Weekly Holiday. Retrieved 2006-12-16.[dead link]
  11. Jump up^ Hammadi, Saad (2006-06-02). “Illegal courses, mysterious outer campuses dodge universities watchdog”. New Age. Retrieved 2007-03-17.

External links[edit]


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